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• 4.5.5 - Uniformity Measurements
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# 4.5.5 - Uniformity Measurements

The Flux Simulator provides some statistical indicators to measure the uniformity of the read distribution along a transcript produced by in silico sequencing.

### Fraction Covered

The fraction of a transcript that is covered by reads reflects its expression and the degree of of coverage fluctuation provoked by biases.

$//$ where $//$ is the length of the transcript,

and the sign function

indicating whether a position is covered by at least one sequenced read.

### Chi-square statistics (X2)

Pearson’s chi-square can be used to test the goodness of fit of a given sample to a theoretical distribution. Given a transcript of length $//$ and coverage $//$ at position $//$, the test statistic is defined as follows:

where $//$ is the average coverage along the molecule.

### Coefficient of variation (CV)

A CV is defined as the ratio of the standard deviation and the standard deviation of a probability distribution:

$//$, with standard deviation $//$ and mean  $//$

of transformed coverage values $//$

Latter Anscombe transformation of coverage values has been proposed [Hansen et al. 2010] under the assumption that the distribution of reads along a transcript follows a Poisson distribution, which is to be transformed to a Gaussian distribution.

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